Top 5 Most Common Teeth Problems
There are many reasons why people may experience sore teeth and teeth problems. In order to understand dental issues, it’s best to discover their underlying root cause. Here are the 5 most common teeth problems along with their symptoms and treatments:
Cavities are a common tooth problems especially in young children who have an affinity for sweets. Otherwise known as dental caries, cavities refer to the rotting sections inside the teeth, which are typically brought about by the gradual weakening of the tooth’s enamel (the hard surface protecting the inner nerves). Bad dental hygiene is considered to be the culprit for dental caries.
Symptoms: The most prominent symptom of cavities is tooth pain. However, the pain depends on how far the decay has reached. Typically, dental caries in the enamel are not painful although the patient may feel pain after eating candy or consuming something cold. When the decay reaches pulp, the damage becomes permanent and may be difficult to treat. Furthermore, the pain lingers even when the stimulus is removed.
Treatment: When the decay still hasn’t reached the dentin, the treatment methods are usually only composed of fluoride treatment in order to encourage re-mineralization, wherein the enamel mends itself. However, when the decay has reached the dentin, the treatment methods are far more invasive. The methods include fillings, root canal treatment, tooth extraction, bridges, crowns and implants.
2. PERIODONTAL DISEASE.
Also known as gingivitis, periodontal disease is considered to be teeth problems that are specifically focused on the sulcus. The sulcus is referred to as the space found between the gum and the tooth.
Symptoms: The common symptoms associated with periodontal disease include bleeding and swollen gums, loose teeth due to gum recession and bad breath.
Treatment: The treatment methods for periodontal disease include initial curettage, scaling and cleaning in order to clean the pockets. Surgery will also be done if the need arises. The doctor may also prescribe low-dose antibiotics. Lastly, maintenance cleaning at home and regular dental visits are important.
This disease refers to the inflammation of the tooth pulp, which is found in the deepest section of the tooth. The pulp is where the blood supply and the nerves are located.
Symptoms: Tooth pain is the most prominent symptom of pulpitis.
Treatment: Typically, the treatment method of pulpitis is focused on providing intervention for the cause of the pulpitis. When the teeth are still healthy and can be saved, fillings are used. However, when the damage is irreversible, the tooth needs to be extracted or it should undergo root canal treatment.
This is a condition wherein the alignment of the upper and lower jaws is atypical, thereby disabling them to meet properly.
Symptom: Initially, there are no obvious signs of malocclusion. However, in the long run, the teeth may become loosened or fractured to the stress and pressure placed by the misalignment. Severe cases of malocclusions may also manifest difficulty in speaking, chewing or biting.
Treatment: Braces, selective grinding of teeth, crowns and retainers are often used to treat people suffering from malocclusions. For severe malocclusions however, jaw surgery is recommended.
5. PERIAPICAL ABSCESS.
This is a condition wherein pus manifested from infection has dispersed from the tooth into the surrounding areas.
Symptoms: People suffering from periapical abscess may complain of swollen jaws, the floor of the mouth and the cheeks.
Treatment: This condition is often treated by draining the pus through root canal treatment or oral surgery. The patient will also be prescribed with antibiotics in order to assist in getting rid of the infection.
This article is not meant to diagnose any teeth problems and should not replace medical advice. Consult your dentist for any dental concerns that you may have.
1. Ubertalli, J. (2008), “Overview of Tooth Disorders”, The Merck Manual Home Health Handbook [online version]
2. UMMC (2011), “Periodontal Disease- Highlights”, University of Maryland Medical Center.Top 5 Most Common Teeth Problems,
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